Over 16 million
people in Africa do not have enough food. Thousands will die.
Why? Our story gives you some facts.
over: más de; enough food: suficiente comida;
thousands will die: miles (de personas) morirán; some
facts: algunos datos;
There are shortages in Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia,
Sudan and Uganda as a result of droughts and wars. In
Eritrea over 30% of the population won't have enough food.
shortage: escasez; as a result of: como
consecuencia de; droughts and wars: sequías y guerras;
won't have: no tendrá;
When a country hasn't got enough food for everybody to eat
there is a famine. There have been famines across the world
many times in history. In the 1980s there were food
shortages in 22 African countries. Over 150 million people
starved. Today 35,000 of the world's children will die of
for everybody to eat: para alimentar a todos (sus
habitantes); famine: hambruna; there have been:
han habido; across the world: en todo el mundo;
starved: murieron de hambre; starvation: hambre,
Why are there famines?
people in the country
animals in the country
farming that are not good
floods: inundaciones; too many: demasiado/a/os/as;
ways of farming: métodos de agricultura;
There are many countries in Africa where there is no rain
for months. Sometimes there is no rain for longer than usual
and there is a drought. Then the harvest is very small and
people don't have enough food. They can't sell their
harvests so they can't buy food. Without food there is a
famine and many people die.
where there is no rain: donde no llueve; for months:
durante meses; for longer than usual: por más tiempo
que lo normal; harvest: cosecha; they can't sell:
no pueden vender; without food: sin alimentos;
many people die: muere mucha gente;
Floods happen when there is too much rain in a country. In
Bangladesh and China rivers get bigger when there is too
much rain. Many people live near these rivers and grow food
so their farms and homes are destroyed when there is a flood.
floods happen: las inundaciones ocurren; rivers get
bigger: los ríos crecen; grow food: cultivan
alimentos; farms: granjas; are destroyed: son
Countries with good resources have enough food for people
when there is a drought or flood. Famines are unusual in
these countries. Poor countries and countries at war need
help from rich countries when there is a famine. Governments
and charities send food, medicines, equipment and people to
good resources: buenos recursos; unusual: poco
frecuentes; at war: en guerra; need help from:
necesitan la ayuda de; charities: instituciones
benéficas; medicines: medicamentos; equipment:
In 1984, the pop star Bob Geldof invited pop and rock
musicians to play at Wembley Stadium to help people in Sudan
and Ethiopia. People from all over the world sent money for
food and lorries.
pop star: estrella pop(ular); pop and rock musicians:
músicos populares y rockeros; to play at: a tocar en;
Wembley Stadium: el Estadio de Wembley (Londres);
from all over the world: de todo el mundo; lorries
(BE) = trucks (AE): camiones;
Today, the most popular way for young people in the UK to
help is '24 Hour Famine'. Governments and charities also
help countries learn to grow food more successfully and to
plan for future famines.
for young people ... to help: para que los jóvenes ...
ayuden; 24 Hour Famine: evento para colectar fondos
durante 24 horas; learn to grow: aprender a cultivar;
more successfully: más exitosamente; to plan for
future famines: aprender a organizarse para eventuales
These days technology also helps. A new satellite is taking
regular photographs of countries that often have famines.
This will help governments plan to have enough food for
people in the future.
these days: hoy en día; is taking regular photographs:
está tomando fotos habituales; often have: tienen a
menudo; plan to have enough food: planificar la
tenencia de suficientes alimentos.